Unit 2 – Nazi Germany
Before the War
Middle and High School
For the purpose of study, the Holocaust can be divided into two distinct time periods. The first began on January 30, 1933, when Adolf Hitler became Chancellor of Germany and ended on September 1, 1939, with the beginning of World War II. The second period lasted until Germany surrendered (May 8, 1945) and the Nazi era came to an end.
Many people associate the term “Holocaust” with the mass murder programs that began in 1941 (concurrent with the German invasion of the Soviet Union), but it is equally important to carefully examine the prewar period. It was during the early years that the Nazis consolidated their power and created the environment in which they would attempt to implement their racist ideology to its fullest extent. Many lessons about prejudice emerge from this period with serious implications for today.
Unit 2 – Daily Lessons